Compare and contrast. In any organization,there has to be leadership and effective management. Leadership and management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. However these words actually describe two different concepts. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it cohesive and coherent. In other words, it is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. Management is the process of working with people and resource to accomplish the goals of an organization. Management controls and directs people and resources according to principles or values that have already been established. Leaders and managers are very similar In role responsibilities, yet have subtle differences. Both role are Instrumental In building strong teams of employees and they compliment each other as they work towards the same goals-over the last decades, lots of studies have been carried out to fine line between these two concepts and notable differences have been noted. E of the main difference is that a leader leads from the front. His language will be like come let us do the work. On the other hand manager believes in planning and coordinating the work. He uses management techniques to manage others. Followers voluntarily follow the leader. This may not be the case with managers. Subordinates is been asked to obey the instruction of the manager due to his position. The subordinates may be obeying the manager on his leadership skills or may be Just as it Is part of their duty. It is also common the subordinates dislike the anger and still follows his action to save his or her Job.
A leader has his Interest common to the followers. When the common Interest Is being Identified, people voluntarily follow him. Rather than asking the people to work, a leader prefers to call them for work and they Just follow the Instructions of a leader. This important quality makes a big difference between the style of functioning of a manger and a leader. There is again the difference in the working style of a manager and leader. A leader attracts the people with the charisma he is having. Leadership may not have any eleven with the functioning of the organization.
On the other hand the management is different in its way of functioning. A manager keeps the organizational priority at his best. He has to do certain tasks as per the guidelines set by the organization. He then plans to achieve this by his employees. Here the manager uses the modern management tools. He is interested in the functions of management. Some of the functions of management as stated by classical theorist Henry Payola are planning, organizing, leading, coordinating, controlling, staffing and monitoring. Planning Is the function, which would Involve setting objectives and goals.
Organizing would involve identifying and defining tasks and responsibilities see the task through to completion and coordinating would engage the manager in binding everything together within the activity. Controlling, staffing and monitoring of the tasks and activities would be carried out by means of giving orders, instructions and overseeing the whole project and its progress. On the other hand, leaders are more focused on what will happen in the future and tend to “look over the horizon”. They aim to influence and to guide others into pursuing particular objectives or visions of the future and to stimulate them into wanting to follow. E set his vision and the followers follow his vision almost voluntarily. He seldom needs force to attract others towards him in execution of his direction and vision. He has the quality of decision making and directing, a leader’s method of directing and decision making differ from that of a manager. Leaders’ decisions are derived from that of his team members whereas the managers decisions are learned decisions. The manager execute the vision of the organization. On his Journey towards this he will also be using leadership skills to effectively manage his people.
A manager with leadership skills can effectively manage the organization as there would be a force attracting the followers or subordinates to the person who directs them. In the case of leadership it is often the quality of the leader or his charisma that attracts the people to him. Consequently the manager and the leader should be the two sides of the coin. Latest management trends show an inclination towards improving the leadership qualities of a manager. Mom of the leadership qualities are intelligence, people oriented, creativity, assertiveness among others. Another difference is the directing function. He directing function of the manager is to make people ready to perform certain task or assigning certain task to the people. This functional area of the manager has more to do with leadership. Once a task is to be performed, the concerned manager has to detail people or direct people to accomplish the task. This is mostly done in different ways by a manager and a leader. This may be different in different organization and also as per the management style. Organizations have special structure and policies to motivate the people to work and managers are part of it.
For instance in the field of emergency services the directing function of the manager has a lot to do with routine Jobs. Things are to be done at high pace and many times immediate decisions are to be taken. The chances these decisions are wrong are high. In this scenario subordinates should be motivated and encouraged to take decisions at time of emergency. Also the manager should be able to provide directions without any delay. His competence as a deader here is very important. A leader comes forward to take the responsibility of the actions of his followers.
The followers also recognize this fact that there are more people willing to work under a leader under emergencies. This is what actually is needed in an emergency service. At the same time the leader should be conversant with the procedures adopted in an emergency. A manager is a technical person and he is likely to be thorough in procedures and policies. A mixture of both of managerial qualities and leadership skills will be a good formula for emergency services. Management. Leaders are emotionally more intelligent than ordinary managers. A manager who wants to be successful should have high emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence is the ability to understand and control one’s emotions and to understand the emotions of other. A typical manager does not follow this style. He plans and direct people to get the work done. There is set of duties and responsibilities for each person in the organization. He ensures that every task is done and is performed according to these guidelines. He uses his control function to see how things are going as per the schedule. A manager often uses his control powers. In contrast a leader expects his subordinates to perform the way it is desired.
For example if a staff is coming late to his duty. The typical manager may think of taking corrective action, where as a leader may be thinking to find out the reasons behind the late coming of the staff and may be willing to support that persona Leaders tend to be more approachable than managers. They like to meet people and discuss their problems. Leaders suggest measures to resolve the worries of the people when people approach them. Such an action tend to make the follower r employee responsible towards the leader and the organization and therefore they keep the individual interest only next to the common goals. N the contrary these characteristics are not applicable to managers. Managers are mainly concerned in increasing the profitability of the organization and therefore may cohere their employees towards their duties. Besides,many researchers believe that leaders are born and not managers. That is,management qualities are acquired through training and to a certain extent this is true. In order to acquire managerial skills people are trained and study them. But raining on leadership skill is more difficult than training on management skills. Or instance in the case of an accident some people emerge as leaders and guide others on what to do. These leaders are not trained to become managers or leaders. It is also observed that such people repeat the leadership role in similar occasion. This shows they are born leaders. Many view that leadership skills can be trained on individuals. It is also observed that function of direction is the most difficult part for any managers. Unless people have certain inborn skills it is difficult to direct other people. Unconcerned about planning, controlling, staffing and organizing.
Leaders are more concerned about directing and organizing people. They act more as a representative of the followers. People follow leaders voluntarily than by virtue of their position. Leaders should have high emotional intelligence. In mostly every organization in the world today leadership qualities are more sought after than mere management skills. Managers with good leadership skills can produce best result. Successful business people are good leaders as well as good manager. To be successful in the long run a manager should have leadership skills.